Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet-rich plasma is used to expedite the healing of bones and tissues during surgical procedures in a process known as platelet-rich plasma therapy, or PRP therapy. It began in the 1990s within orthopedic surgery and sports medicine and has since spread to dental implant surgery, tooth removal, and many other disciplines.
How does Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy work?
When the body heals, it sends many different kinds of cells to the injured location. In PRP therapy, we draw the patient’s blood and spin it in a centrifuge to concentrate the platelets. Once done, this concentrated blood has three to five times as many growth factors as regular blood.
This higher concentration of platelets aids in the production of specialized cells, which in turn are needed to regenerate tissue and bone. This also a boost in vascularity in the healing tissue using this method.
There is another factor. PRP also boosts bone morphogenetic protein (or BMP), which is a significant contributor to the restoration of bone, thanks to the conclusions of several human and animal-based studies. Thanks to this connection between PRP and BMP, dental experts are then able to regrow new bone much faster than previous bone restoration techniques. This makes dental implant procedures go much more smoothly. If the patient needs a bone graft, we can use this technique to speed up the healing process, shortening the waiting period between the graft and the placing of the implant.
Applications of PRP
PRP therapy also works incredibly well in many types of oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. Studies have also shown that PRP therapy aids periodontal regenerative therapy. PRP therapy helps in bone grafting, a procedure used to improve the outcome of dental implant surgery.
We also use this technique for bone grafts for inlays and onlays, ridge augmentation procedures, sinus lift procedures, and correcting lip and palate abnormalities. PRP is also utilized to repair bone deficiencies following the extraction of a cyst or tooth or after the repair of fistulas between the patient’s mouth and sinus cavity.
A Tried and True Technique
Dentists and medical doctors want to offer fast healing. This is not only attractive to our patients but if a patient heals faster after undergoing surgery, their risk of getting an infection or another condition is reduced. Recent advancements in medical science have reduced the amount of blood needed to make PRP to only 55 cubic centimeters, increasing the accessibility of the procedure.
Medical experts are also exploring new possibilities and applications for PRP therapy, but more randomized control trials are needed for them to better determine what PRPs can and cannot do. Fortunately, because applying PRPs is a safe and natural procedure, there aren’t many restrictions on experimentation.
Interestingly, the reason scientists have difficulty coming to consensus on this subject is because of the large number of PRP tests that occur in diverse settings. However, we still manage to acquire large amounts of evidence on this procedure across the board, which will lead to even more applications for PRP therapy. We are confident about what the future holds for this treatment.
For more information, please contact our office at 214-363-9946.