Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet-rich plasma is used in a process known as platelet-rich plasma therapy, or PRP therapy, to expedite the healing of tissue and bone during surgical procedures. PRP therapy originates from its use in orthopedic surgery and sports medicine in the 1990s and has spread to use in dental implant surgery and other medical disciplines.
How Does Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy Work?
When the body is healing, it sends a variety of cells to the site of the injury to aid in healing. In PRP therapy, we draw blood from the patient and spin it in a centrifuge to concentrate platelets and separate platelet-poor plasma from platelet-rich plasma.
The higher concentration of platelets in platelet-rich plasma aids the body in producing the specialized cells needed to regenerate tissue and bone. This method also boosts vascularity, or the network of blood vessels, in the healing tissue, allowing for faster recovery.
Applications Of PRP
The use of PRP therapy boosts bone morphogenic protein, or BMP, at the surgical site. This protein contributes significantly to the restoration of bone. BMP—and PRP therapy by extension—allows dental specialists to help patients regrow new bone much faster than previous bone restoration techniques. This makes PRP therapy especially useful for patients needing bone grafts to improve dental implant surgery outcomes. By extension, we can utilize PRP therapy to repair bone deficiencies that arise following the extraction of a cyst, a tooth, or after the repair of fistulas—or hollow gaps—between the patient’s mouth and sinus cavity.
PRP therapy has been shown in studies to provide benefits in periodontal regenerative therapy. Our surgeons also use PRP therapy for bone grafts for inlays and onlays, ridge augmentation procedures, sinus lift procedures, and correcting lip and palate abnormalities.
A Tried And True Therapy Technique
Dentists and medical doctors have countless reasons for wanting to offer fast healing. When patients heal faster, the risk of infection, complications, and prolonged pain are reduced.
Recent advancements have made PRP therapy an attractive treatment, requiring only 55 cubic centimeters of blood to be successful. Its application may evolve and improve with time and experimentation; PRP therapy is a safe and natural procedure, meaning experimentation is minimally restricted and poses very little risk. The diversity of PRP tests is a large factor in why research scientists have difficulty coming to a consensus on PRP therapy’s efficacy in certain applications, but we have ample evidence of its effectiveness in a variety of patients and procedures.
For more information on PRP therapy, please contact Dallas Oral Surgery Associates at 214-363-9946.